刘旭,姬胜源,翁申富,赵爽.贵州后槽铝土矿古岩溶地貌控矿作用及找矿意义[J].地质找矿论丛,2022,37(1):27-37
贵州后槽铝土矿古岩溶地貌控矿作用及找矿意义
Significance of paleo-karst geomorphology control on ore in Houcao bauxite mine in Guizhou province
投稿时间:2021-08-31  
DOI:10.6053/j.issn.1001-1412.2022.01.005
中文关键词:  后槽铝土矿  含铝岩系  古岩溶地貌  控矿作用  贵州省
英文关键词:Bauxite  paleo-karst geomophology  ore control process  Houcao  Guizhou province
基金项目:贵州省地矿局科研项目(编号:黔地矿科合[2015]04号)资助。
作者单位E-mail
刘旭 贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局106地质大队, 贵州 遵义 563000  
姬胜源 贵州省油气勘查开发工程研究院, 贵阳 550081 290939533@qq.com 
翁申富 贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局106地质大队, 贵州 遵义 563000  
赵爽 贵州省地质矿产勘查开发局106地质大队, 贵州 遵义 563000  
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中文摘要:
      后槽铝土矿区位于黔中遵义铝土矿带中部,受NE向岩溶盆地控制,发育众多形态各异的中、小型的溶洼、溶坑和溶沟,在这些溶蚀洼地中,沉积了下石炭统九架炉组含铝岩系。文章通过对后槽地区354个钻探工程揭露的含铝岩系厚度、矿体厚度及化学成分的系统统计分析,研究了该区岩溶古地貌特征及其控矿作用,并进行找矿靶区预测。研究结果表明,后槽地区含铝岩系严格受古侵蚀面制约,岩溶古地貌直接控制含铝岩系的产出和厚度。在古岩溶凹陷中含铝岩系较厚,铝土矿层厚度也大,w(Al2O3)值越高;在地形凸起的部位,含铝岩系地层厚度变薄,基本无铝土矿产出;在古地貌整体平缓、古溶蚀作用不强烈的区域,含铝岩系的厚度比较稳定,产出形态单一,铝土矿层以层状、似层状产出。在沙坝和后槽以南地区含铝岩系较厚,岩溶古地貌特征明显,值得进一步开展找矿勘探。
英文摘要:
      Houcao bauxite mine is located at the central part of Zunyi bauxite ore belt in the central Guizhou province.The mining area is controlled by a karst basin.Here are developed various morphological karst features,such as medium-small karst depression,pit and gully.In the depressions is deposited the Al-bearing rock sequence of Jiujialu formation of Lower Carboniferous Series.354 drill holes were operated in Houcao area to control thickness of the Al-bearing sequence.Statistics of of the thickness and chemical composition of the rock were made to study the paleo-karst morphology control on the bauxite ore.Based on the control prospecting targets are predicted.The Al-bearing sequence is strictly controlled by paleo-erosion surface and occurrence and thickness of the Al-bearing sequence directly by the paleo-karst morphology.In the paleo-karst depression the Al-bearing sequence is relatively thick and w(Al2O3) higher.At the convex the sequence gets thinner and no bauxite ore occur.At the gentle relief without paleo-karst erosion the sequence is stable in thickness and single occurrences.The bauxite ore looks layered or layeroid.In areas in south of Saba and Houcao village distinct paleo-karst morphology occur and the Al-bearing sequence thicker thus worth prospecting.
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