付超,李俊建,党智财,张彤,彭翼,宋立军,侯占国,倪振平.华北地区铅锌矿资源特征及成矿规律[J].地质找矿论丛,2021,36(1):1-11
华北地区铅锌矿资源特征及成矿规律
Characteristics and metallogenic law of Pb-Zn resource in North China
投稿时间:2020-08-24  
DOI:10.6053/j.issn.1001-1412.2021.01.001
中文关键词:  铅锌矿  资源特征  矿床类型  成矿规律  资源潜力  华北地区
英文关键词:Pb-Zn deposits  resources characteristics  deposit types  regional metallogeny  resource potential  the North China
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目(编号:DD20190379-31、1212011121029、200110200038、DD20190155)、国家重点研发计划“深地资源勘查开采”重点专项(编号:2016YFC0600107、2018YFC0603805-1)联合资助。
作者单位E-mail
付超 中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心, 天津 300170  
李俊建 中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心, 天津 300170 tjlijunjian@163.com 
党智财 中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心, 天津 300170  
张彤 内蒙古自治区地质调查院, 呼和浩特 010020  
彭翼 河南省地质调查院, 郑州 450007  
宋立军 河北省地质调查院, 石家庄 050081  
侯占国 山西省地质调查院, 太原 030006  
倪振平 山东省地质调查院, 济南 250013  
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中文摘要:
      华北地区铅锌矿资源丰富、类型多样,是我国铅锌矿床的重要产区。本文在总结资源禀赋、矿床类型、时空特征、主要控矿因素、资源潜力等要素基础上,较全面分析了华北地区铅锌矿的主要特征和成矿规律。研究表明,从矿床成因角度,华北地区铅锌矿可划分为岩浆热液型、碳酸盐岩-细碎屑岩型、陆相火山岩型、矽卡岩型、斑岩型、碳酸盐型等6种类型,并可划归“层控”型和“岩控”型两大类;从矿产预测角度,又可划分为26个矿产预测类型,其中以碳酸盐岩—细碎屑岩型、岩浆热液型铅锌矿最为重要。基于华北地区铅锌成矿演化规律,华北地区铅锌成矿期可划分为中元古代、早古生代、晚古生代和中生代4个主要时期,中元古代、中生代是铅锌成矿的高峰期。华北地区铅锌成矿受控于区域构造、沉积-火山岩系、中酸性侵入岩等多种因素,经历了长期且复杂的构造演化,“层控”型和“岩控”型矿床的成矿环境各有不同,成矿作用特征具有明显差异。经综合评价,华北地区的铅锌成矿可划分为34个铅锌找矿远景区,显示出良好的找矿资源潜力。
英文摘要:
      The North China is abundant with Pb-Zn resources and various genetic types occur thus is an important production area of Pb, Zn in China. Based on the resource endowment, deposit type, space-time distribution, main ore controlling factors and resource potential, this paper comprehensively analyzes the main characteristics and regional metallogeny. From the perspective of ore genesis, the Pb-Zn deposits in North China can be divided into six types: magmatic hydrothermal type, carbonate-fineclastic rock type, continental volcanic type, skarn type, porphyry type and carbonate type, which can be in turn classified into “stratabound” and “rock controlled” types. From the perspective of mineral prediction, lead-zinc deposits in North China can be divided into 26 types, of which SEDEX type and magmatic hydrothermal type are the most important. According to the temporal evolution the Pb-Zn mineralization can be divided into four main stages: Mesoproterozoic, Early Paleozoic, Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic, among which the Mesoproterozoic and Mesozoic are the peak periods. The Pb-Zn mineralization is controlled by many factors, such as regional structure, sedimentary-volcanic rock series, intermediate acid intrusive rock and so on and exposed to a long time and complex tectonic evolution. The “stratabound” and “rock controlled” deposits differ in ore-forming environments with obviously different mineralization characteristics. On the basis of the evaluation of mineral resources potential, 34 targets can be lineated.
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