许泰,刘雪芬,张巨峰,杨峰峰.石英脉型钨矿成矿研究进展[J].地质找矿论丛,2019,34(2):196-200
石英脉型钨矿成矿研究进展
The research progress of quartz vein type tungsten deposits
投稿时间:2018-01-10  修订日期:2019-03-12
DOI:10.6053/j.issn.1001-1412.2019.02.005
中文关键词:  石英脉型钨矿  断裂构造  成矿物质  花岗岩  成矿模式
英文关键词:quartz vein type tungsten deposits  fault structure  metallogenic material  granite  metallogenic model
基金项目:陇东学院青年科技创新资助项目(编号:XYZK1808)、甘肃省青年科技基金资助项目(编号:18JR3RM240)、甘肃省高等学校项目(编号:2018A-097)、甘肃省安全生产科研项目(编号:GAJ00011)联合资助。
作者单位
许泰 陇东学院能源工程学院, 甘肃 庆阳 745000 
刘雪芬 陇东学院能源工程学院, 甘肃 庆阳 745000 
张巨峰 陇东学院能源工程学院, 甘肃 庆阳 745000 
杨峰峰 陇东学院能源工程学院, 甘肃 庆阳 745000 
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中文摘要:
      我国钨矿的储量、产量、消费量和出口量均处于全球领先地位,尤其是石英脉型钨矿床研究成果最为丰富。本文通过大量查阅国内外有关石英脉型钨矿的文献资料,对石英脉型钨矿的成矿研究成果和观点进行综合评述。石英脉型钨矿在我国各个成矿带均有分布,其空间分布和区域构造单元息息相关,所处的区域构造活动一般都很强烈,经历多次叠加构造运动。钨矿床产在震旦寒武系地层中,特别是在寒武系地层最多。成矿物质主要来源是岩浆热液,岩浆活动频繁为成矿热液的形成创造了必要的前提条件,但也有部分成矿物质源于围岩。石英脉型钨矿成矿模式以"五层楼+地下室"成矿模式最具影响力和实际意义,开创了模式找矿的先河。
英文摘要:
      The tungsten reserves, output, consumption and exports of China are listed at the front rank in the world and especially most of achievements in study of quartz vein type tungsten deposit are made in China. The research results and viewpoints about such type of tungsten deposit at home and abroad are comprehensively reviewed. The quartz vein type tungsten deposits are distributed in all metallogenic belts. The spatial distribution is closely related to regional tectonic unit. The tectonic activity in the area where the deposit occurs is generally strong and multiply superimposed. The deposit occurs mainly in strata of Sinian and Cambriam Systems, especially in the latter. The orematerials mainly come from magmatic hydrothermal fluid. The multiple stage magmatic activity is prerequisite of such deposit. However, there are some ore materials come from the surroung rock. The "five-story building + basement" model is the most influential and practical and pioneered in tungsten ore prospecting by model in the world.
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